2022-12-28作者：Kongjian Yu来源： Landscape Architecture for Sea Level Rise—Innovative Global Solutions, edited by Galen D. Newman and Zixu Qiao. Routledge. NY. 2022. pp 177-183.分享
Three decades of intense development have left Sanya Dong'an's land-scape a visible example of the destruction that such development can bring. Nearly all of the waterways in the city's developed districts are currently highly polluted and littered with debris. Concrete flood walls were built to protect and reclaim land for development, but destroyed many mangroves and wiped out riparian habitat while simultaneously blocking tides from the sea- and storm-water from the higher ground. Further, the city's flood resiliencehas significantly decreased,causing the growing population, including seasonal tourists and migrants, to begin voicing their desires for a more livable and flood-proof city. Such problems have become common in many Chinese cities; over 65% of Chinese cities are suffering from flood inundation and over 75% of the surface water is contaminated. In addressing such overwhelming chal-lenges, conventional gray, or structuoral, infrastructure solutions alone appear to be insufficient. Non-structural alternatives, or green infra structure, are now being more readily applied as part of a "Sponge City"campaign.
文章来源：Kongjian Yu. Sanya Dong’an Wetland Park,Hainan,China. Landscape Architecture for Sea Level Rise—Innovative Global Solutions, edited by Galen D. Newman and Zixu Qiao. Routledge. NY. 2022. pp 177-183.